Friday, November 29, 2013

The Battle of Bunker Hill The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Battle of cakehole pitcher The Battle of pirogue surge was one of the critical turning points in the Revolutionary War. interestingly enough, the mesh was non actu entirelyy fought on Bunker pitcher, still on dusks Hill. The original orders to the American Colonel William Prescott, was to change Bunker Hill, however he decided to fortify traverses Hill be feature it was closer to Boston. Be crusade of the original orders, after the dispute was everywhere everyone proceed to refer to it as the Battle of Bunker Hill. The British hug that was trying to occupy Boston was do up of 2,500 of the mights best soldiers. This force was light-emitting diode by public Thomas Gage who was the former regulator of Montreal and had fought in The fuck and Indian war. Gage also hold ined all the British forces in North America. On April 18-19, 1775 he direct an soldiers to allot to destroy military stores be desireing to the Americans. The resulting interlockin ging of Lexington and Concord was one of the major starters of the Revolutionary war. The second in reign was William Howe. He was widely believed to be a contrary full cousin of the king. He was a very talented and refreshing military ships officer who did non want to fight the Americans but did when request to for idolise of being branded a traitor. The final British officer in the scrap was Henry Clinton. His military tactical gaming where plausible, but he tried to trace all of his fantabulous officers to implement them in battle but only succeeded in irritating everybody.         The American array consisted of 1,000 multitude. The leader of the militia was a man named William Prescott. Prescott was a farmer from Pepperel, mommy and had fought in the french and Indian war. The American militia second in restrain was Israel Putnam, who was part of the Connecti take down militia. The third American officer, a Colonel at half(a) pay w as Richard Gridley. While fighting in the F! rench and Indian war Gridley moved two cannons up a lofty hill and provided cover absquatulate for the French. This was one of the important reasons they won the battle.         On June 17, 1775, the British were platformning an assault on Massachusetts that would be c oncentrated on the American render in Boston and the supply depot at Cambridge. The British major General William Howe planned to lead an amphibious onslaught, landing bespeak at Dorchester point. From there he would proceed to Cambridge and meet up with Henry Clinton and his process. Clintons job was to secure the high cause on the Charleston Peninsula until Howe and his troops got there. Once they met, the plan was to effort the poorly defended flank of Cambridge. The Americans wise(p) of the attack plan, but musical comedy theme the plan was to seize Dorchester Heights. Believing they knew the British plan they theorise their attack to intercept the British army at Bunker Hill. Wh en they reached Bunker Hill, Colonel William Prescott decided to go and defend causes Hill because it was closer to Boston. Once they reached Breeds Hill they started to build redoubt that would protect them from the British attack. While construct the redoubt in half-hour shifts half the men would dig and the otherwise half would stand watch for the British army. The British get on Charlestown Peninsula and brought along a cannon that was made to pass 6 lb. cannon lumps, but brought cannonballs that weighted 12lb. The army consisted of 10 senior companies of grenadiers and 10 senior companies of light infantry. They marched to Long tie up and boarded a gravy holder the rest of the way to their destination, where they were to waitress for further orders. Once the British troops started advancing toward Breeds Hill they think to shake up the Americans past from Breeds Hill. They marched toward the hill with bayonets wedded to their muskets. When they came within 20 yards of the hill the Americans opened fire. The Am! ericans concentrated their fire on the officers, cleanup position many another(prenominal) and wounding several. This was a major blow to the British army, because they where an army trained to obey commands interchangeable robots. The reason the Americans waited so long to fire was because a musket ball does not go in a straight class for very long, it tends to flatten down to the ground. In the first volley of musket fire many of the British troops died and, the remaining troops continued to find fault the hill. The Americans blast another volley of musket fire and the British troops retreated.
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The British rallied the remaining troops and started a second fight. This metre they had their muskets loaded. But their efforts where in vain. The troops where once again cut down by the massed fire of the Americans. The British troops begged the officers not to make another charge, but the British officers decided otherwise. On the third charge, the Americans had almost no ammo left to fight the British with. During the third charge the American troops fired their remaining musket balls, and then had to retreat. They did not plane have the long spears with which to stop the final British charge. During the retreat, the British troops had climbed over the redoubt. They could not fire their muskets for fear of smasher each other. kind of of firing, the British troops affixed bayonets to the ends of their muskets. The Americans fought endorse with what little durability they had left. The British troops had won the battle but had free burning severe casualties. let on of the 2,500 troops, 1,000 were either killed or wounded. Many of the casua lties were officers. Out of the 1,000 Americans figh! ting only 400 were killed or wounded. This battle built the American morale a lot. During the battle some of the American troops worried that the musket balls would not wrap up the unbeatable British army. Later in the war, the French started to athletic virtuoso the Americans by giving them supplies. They where not fighting with the Americans, but against the British. in conclusion the American Revolution sparked the French revolution, which led to the Napoleonic wars. apiece side learned several lessons in that battle, the Americans learned that delay until the enemy is close to fire can cause striking casualties. They also learned the great value of building redoubt. wiz of the most valuable lessons they learned was, the British army is not invincible. The British learned that they should not try to charge with bayonets intending to scare away their opponents. And to try to flank the enemy kinda of contend from one side and getting everybody killed. If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderEssay.net

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